Richard Strohman

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Richard Strohman

Richard C. Strohman is emeritus professor of molecular and cell biology at the University of California, Berkeley. He was one of the original signatories to the letter establishing the Group for the Scientific Reappraisal of the HIV/AIDS Hypothesis.


Strohman studied cell and tissue growth regulation and cellular differentiation using molecular and cell approaches. He was Chair of the Zoology Department at the University of California, Berkeley (1973-1976), director of Berkeley's Health and Medical Sciences Program (1976-1979), and a former research director of the American Muscular Dystrophy Association.

Strohman retired in 1991 and "continues to teach courses dealing with the interface between biology and medicine and the growing crisis in theoretical biology. His view is that genetic determinism, the major component of biological reductionism, is increasingly unable to contend with newer findings of biological complexity and that a new and more holistic scientific theory of living systems is required." (Strohman 2003)

Strohman has characterized the "established AIDS theory" as "manifestly inadequate" and an example of scientific "premature closure". (Strohman 2005)


  • "If ever there was a rush to judgment with its predictable disastrous results it has been the HIV/AIDS hypothesis and its aftermath. Announced at a press conference prior to the publication of any scientific proof, complicated and confused by early legal arguments concerning theft of the 'French' virus by American researchers, the continuing inability of a worldwide scientific effort to muster clear proof for causality of AIDS by HIV, the inability – after 10-plus years and billions of dollars – to generate any progress in prevention or therapy, and amid growing controversy about effectiveness of drugs like AZT to have any benefit, the HIV/AIDS hypothesis remains simply that: a theory with erratic correlation, but no proof of causality, between HIV and AIDS." (Strohman 1995)
  • "My own personal experience of the manifest inadequate nature of the established AIDS theory came with my first telephone call to UC Berkeley's school of public health more than 15 years ago. I asked the person in charge of 'AIDS research' about the data comparing the frequency of AIDS in San Francisco among gay men broken down into those who were HIV positive and those who were HIV negative. His answer was first 'we do not collect that information' and his second and final answer following my protest to him was 'we are not paid to collect that information'." (Strohman 2005)
  • "HIV science has always been based not on detection of real infectious units (real virus) growing under some reasonable standard condition in living cells in the lab. Rather it is based upon a high tech series of assays constructed so that disappearingly small quantities of the virus, or some part of the virus, or some trace (aura) of viral presence may be measured. We have substituted the measurement for the real thing, like substituting the menu for the meal." (Strohman 1999)
  • "Among the disturbing findings coming from the Human Genome Project and elsewhere are that genome complexity found in humans and mice, for example, is not correlated with differences of form and function found between them. Sequence comparisons between different species are not always informative; nevertheless, there are many examples in which no, or little, correlation exists between genetic and morphological complexity." (Strohman 1997)

See also



  1. Strohman, Richard C., 1995. Preface to Infectious AIDS: Have We Been Misled? (ISBN 1556431953)
  2. Strohman, Richard C., 1997. "The coming Kuhnian revolution in biology", Nature Biotechnology, March 1997, Vol. 15: 194-199.
  3. Strohman, Richard C., 1999. Email message from Richard Strohman to Charles Geshekter, 7 July 1997, as quoted in "A Critical Reappraisal of African AIDS Research and Western Sexual Stereotypes", by Charles Geshekter.
  4. Strohman, Richard C., 2003. "Genetic determinism as a failing paradigm in biology and medicine: implications for health and wellness", Journal of Social Work Education, Vol. 39, No. 2 (Spring/Summer 2003)
  5. Strohman, Richard C., 2005. Review of two papers by Serge Lang PDFsmallicon.gif, submitted to the National Academy of Sciences, 13 May 2005.
  6. Strohman, Richard C., 2005. Ibid.